In its Innovation Statement released today, the Government has sought to remove the fear of failure by proffering tax breaks and changes to insolvency laws to provide greater flexibility for entrepreneurs and investors in innovative start ups.
Key tax measures include:
Same business test relaxed to become a ‘predominantly similar business test’
The current ‘same business test’ will be relaxed to allow businesses to access prior year losses when they make minor changes to their operations. As part of these reforms the ‘same business test’ will be replaced by a new and more flexible ‘predominantly similar business test’.
Under the ‘predominantly similar business test’ companies will be able to enter into new business activities and transactions without losing access to carried forward tax losses. Anyone who has tried to apply the same business test in practice will know that the current test can be very difficult to pass and is applied very strictly by the ATO. This change will primarily be relevant when there has been a change in ownership of the company after the losses were incurred and should provide flexibility for the company to explore new business opportunities.
The ‘predominantly similar business test’ is intended to apply to losses made in the current and future income years; current tests will continue to apply to existing losses.
Further changes to employee share schemes
Limits the requirement for disclosure documents given to employees under an ESS to be made available to the public. This will allow otherwise non-disclosing companies to offer shares to their employees without having to reveal commercially sensitive information to competitors.
The reforms also seek to make ESS more user-friendly for innovative companies allowing them to attract motivated staff without a substantial initial outlay.
The current Government has actually made a number of changes to the ESS rules which apply to shares and options issued from 1 July 2015. The recent changes already include specific concessions for start-up companies where certain conditions are met. It will be interesting to see what other concessions will be introduced to encourage the use of ESS arrangements for innovative companies and improve tax outcomes for the parties involved.
Legislation is expected to be released in the first half of 2016.
Early stage investor tax break
Introduces tax breaks for eligible companies to entice investors.
The tax breaks provide a 20% non-refundable tax offset based on the amount of their investment capped at $200,000 per investor, per year. This would allow the investors to reduce their overall tax liability for the relevant year.
The incentives also provide a 10 year CGT exemption for investments held for at least three years.
These tax concessions are only available to investors in eligible companies:
- that undertake an eligible business (to be determined in consultation with industry)
- incorporated during the last three income years
- are not listed on any stock exchange
- have expenditure less than $1 million and income less than $200,000 in the previous income year.
The investor tax break is expected to commence from 1 July 2016.
Tax offset for early stage venture capital partnerships
Introduces a 10% non-refundable tax offset for capital invested in new Early Stage Venture Capital Limited Partnerships (ESVCLPs), and increasing the cap on committed capital from $100 million to $200 million for new ESVCLPs. The Government also plans to remove the requirement for ESVCLPs to divest a company when its value exceeds $250 million.
In addition, the reforms relax eligibility and investment requirements to allow managers to undertake a broader range of investment activities and greater diversity of investors.
Investors in ESVCLPs are already entitled to certain tax concessions. The Government hopes that these reforms will attract a greater level of investment.
The amendments are expected to apply from 1 July 2016.
- Innovation statement
- Media release from Scott Morrison – Tax and business incentives to boost economic growth & jobs
- Media release from Malcolm Turnbull – National Innovation and Science Agenda
- Media release from Christopher Pyne – Agenda to Transform the Australian economy